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The GRITACCESS project, funded by the PC IFM 2014/2020 (Collectivité Territoriale de Corse - leader) is a strategic project resulting from the collaboration of 15 partners from the 5 regions of the programme area (Liguria, Tuscany, Sardinia, Corsica and South Region). This collaboration gave birth the concept of a Great Tyrrhenian Route (GIT), aimed at creating an innovative system granting the accessibility to natural and cultural heritage sites, thanks also to new communication technologies.
One of the pilot actions carried out by the Municipality of Grosseto and the Regional administration of Tuscany concerns the identification of physical and virtual accessibility routes to the Archaeological Museum of Grosseto (identified as a GIT pivotal point on a specific map). Realized with Kimap technology, the map shows the level of practicability for tourists who move in wheelchairs or scooters and provides descriptions of the various routes to the city centre, highlighting the points of historical interest along the way to the Archaeological Museum.
The data gathered to produce the cartography presented here, have been geo-referenced by testing the quality of the terrain on a path covered by an electric-powered wheelchair.
More precisely, it describes the recommended itinerary to reach the city center from the railway station, the walk on the Medici Walls and the city itinerary to visit, among others, the Archaeological Museum and the Cathedral.
please note that the maps, created in the summer of 2019, do not indicate the presence of any temporary obstacles (construction sites, works, etc.).
Description of points of interest
Going out from the Station you get to the wide square in front of it, here visitors are welcomed by the statue of the “Buttero”, a symbol of Maremma and its culture. The square does not have any accessibility problems; from there take Via Mameli proceeding on the rightward sidewalk.
At the end of Via Mameli, turn left in Via Matteotti, always proceeding on the rightward sidewalk as it is wider and less irregular.
At the end of Via Matteotti you reach Piazza Rosselli, from there proceed on the rightward sidewalk and then take Via Fallaci, which leads you to the northern entrance of the historical city-center where “Corso Carducci” starts.
Just entered the historic city centre on Corso Carducci, turn right into Via Mazzini, after a few meters you will find a gently sloped climb that will lead you along the panoramic walk along the Medici walls. The route stretches almost exclusively on a flat gravel and asphalt surface, perfectly accessible to electric mobility aids and, if accompanied by a guide, even to those pushed by hand.
The Medici walls visible today are the result of a great construction campaign that took place between 1575 and 1593, ordered by the Medici Grand Duke Cosimo I. This led to the demolition of the old medieval walls (of which today only the “Porta Vecchia” persists). Until 1757 there was a ditch full of water along the outer sides of the wall while in 1855 the Grand Duke Leopold II demolished most of the guard posts located on the ramparts, refining the appearance of the entire wall circuit that was transformed into a public promenade tree-lined and made available to the citizens.
Once approaching the end of the panoramic walk on the walls, you get in front of one of the most spectacular buildings in the city of Grosseto: the mighty “Cassero Senese”.
It is a defensive outpost built in 1344 under the rule of the Republic of Siena. During the Medici rule (starting in mid XVI century) it was enlarged, transforming it into a real military citadel with garrison’s lodgings, a hospital, a warehouses, the Chapel of Santa Barbara, a main square (Piazza d’Armi) equipped with an octagonal well. The Cassero thus became the pivotal point of the new defensive infrastructure of the city erected at the behest of the Grand Dukes of Tuscany in the 16th century and which has arrived almost intact to present day with its characteristic “star” plant.
The interiors of the Cassero area are accessible by a stairlift, however the building is open occasionally for events or temporary exhibitions.
Making a short detour, you can visit the Natural History Museum of Maremma, very close to the Cassero.
The museum was created with the aim of documenting the natural heritage of the whole Maremma and to carry out a work of public awareness related to Natural Sciences.
It exhibits collections of minerals, rocks, fossils, animals and plants, shown in display cases or in three-dimensional reconstructions and extends over three floors: two dedicated to exhibitions and one dedicated to museum activities.
The section dedicated to earth sciences includes the mineral room, with a collection of finds from Monte Amiata and other areas of Maremma. In the paleontology room you can find a wide display of fossils, tracing the chronology of events characterizing that shaped the natural of Maremma.
The museum is accessible to wheelchairs.
Get back to the Cassero and proceed along Via Saffi which will lead you back to the point where you started the panoramic tour of the CIty walls.
Along Corso Carducci you find St. Peter’s Church on the left, built in the early Middle Ages along the stretch of the “Via Aurelia”, the ancient Roman road that crossed the city center, following the current trail of Corso Carducci.
The Church of St. Peter is characterized by the apse in pure Romanesque style, with a semicircular shape; the external walls are in stone with some blocks in travertine. The gabled façade is original up to about 4.50 m high, including the portal and the hollow spaces once filled with ceramic works now lost forever. The the window and the arches were restored in 1911, probably by Lorenzo Porciatti.
The church is not accessible due to the presence of steps at the main entrance.
From Corso Carducci you turn left on Via Cairoli and you will soon find the Museum on the right. In this area the road surface is quite irregular because at the stone labs laying down, however, electric-powered wheelchairs will not have relevant problems; we recommend the presence of a helper for pushed wheelchairs. The Museum is entirely accessible thanks to the presence of lifts and an accessible toilet is available on the ground floor.
Originally founded in 1860, the Museum is now hosted in the 19th century place of “Piazza Baccarini” once the seat of the Court of Grosseto.
The Museum covers the whole history of Maremma, from Prehistory to the Etruscan Civilization, from the Roman conquest to the Middle Ages, up to the Modern Age
The entrance welcomes visitors with a large map drawn on the floor, which represents Grosseto area in the early 19th century. The Archaeological and Art Museum of Maremma has three floors divided into five sections for a total of 40 rooms.
Besides the archeological garden, you can find another “pearl” of the city of Grosseto, the Saint Francis’s Church with its beautiful Cloister, at the center of which stands the “Pozzo della Bufala” (water well).
The curious name comes from a local tale: a buffalo, escaped from the slaughterhouse and ran into the cloister of the church, here it fell into the enormous hole that had been dug for the construction of the well.
The Saint Francis’s Church presents a very simple style but inside it preserves one of the most interesting works of Tuscany, the famous wooden Crucifix attributed to Guido di Graziano, sienese school (1278-1302).
The church is accessible thanks to a ramp placed before the cloister entrance.
Get back to Corso Carducci and proceed southwards until reaching the Cathedral of Grosseto, with its elegant two-colored facade, in white and red marble with an elegant rose window in the center. The Cathedral is dedicated to the patron saint of the city, San Lorenzo. Inside you can admire artworks of great value such as the splendid fifteenth-century windows, the baptismal well (dated 1470), the two holy fonts (1506) by Antonio Ghini and Antonio Fiderigi; the painting of the “Madonna delle Grazie”, last piece of an altar table attributed to Matteo Di Giovanni. Access to the cathedral is guaranteed by a stone ramp placed on the side of the cathedral in front of Piazza Dante, the access door has a height difference of about 2cm which can easily be overcome.
On the other side of the square, there is a neo-Gothic palace, seat of the Provincial administration, called Palazzo Aldobrandeschi. The building was erected in 1903, by the architect Lorenzo Porciatti following the eclectic neo-gothic style.
The interior of the building are not accessible to the public.